What is education means for us?
Everyone must have different opinions about the term of education, and some people might say education is freedom; others may say education is a ‘transformation’, or fundamental key for every social change. The numerous opinion shapes many different approaches of what education means for everyone. According to Brazilian educator and philosopher Paulo Fereira, education is “freedom.” The principle of education is to free human beings from any isolation of wisdom, and knowledge is the basis of human freedom.
UNESCO report that education is “the key to nation’s development”; many scholars agree that education had contributed to the development of the country in many aspects. Combining the two terminologies of education, it is clear that; on the one hand, education is given opportunity access to knowledge, on the other hand, knowledge is everything, especially can transform social attitudes and contribute to the development of a country. In generally, education is classified into two parts; formal education and non-formal education; these are general concepts that everyone familiar already with that notion. Formal education often related to systematical education with a formal curriculum and program. It usually starts from a kindergarten school, primary school, secondary school, and higher education.
Non-formal education describes as a knowledge-based school with different types of the education system; usually, there are many training providers, either public or private training centers. It is more about intensive school activities with different curriculum. The notion of formal and non-formal education has been shifted to a new paradigm of “skill-based learning.” Many scholars, activities, national and international organizations are advocating education with a new model terminology; for example, the international global agenda emphasized that every country must set its national development plan, which synchronized with the global development agenda. Education “for all” is endorsed under UNESCO provision, Millennium Development Goal, second target, universal primary education and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), goal four about Quality education, and sustainable development goal fund.
Furthermore, non-formal education is no longer considered because the term is more appropriate. Nowadays, “long-life learning’ is the contemporary concept; it is applying to everyone who continues learning in their whole life. The is no limitation to access to education, as long as a human being is free to choose, free to be educated, free to access to information and knowledge, free to gain skills that the objective of long-life learning.